Challenge Coins: What Are They Made Of

The use of challenge coins started in the military. It is used to signify membership and pride of belonging to military units. It was also used to recognize bravery and excellent military service. Officers would give these coins to inspire and boost the morale of their troops.

Custom CoinIn recent years, the coins have found use outside of the military. Organizations would have their own custom challenge coins to denote membership and to honor the achievements of their members. Fire fighters, police departments and other service organizations would give special coins in a coin ceremony to recognize exemplary services.

Challenge coins have also been known to be given in recognition of certain services or in commemoration certain events. During the memorial of the 13 victims who died in the Fort Hood shooting incident in 2009, President Barack Obama had challenge coins specially minted to honor them.

What are custom challenge coins made of?

Coins are made from either zinc alloy cast or die struck bronze. Zinc alloy castings are low cost process, with relatively good quality. Challenge coins made through this process tend to lose its finish (patina) and expose the base metal over time, especially when used as a pocket coin. Zinc alloys are best used when the coins are for decorative purposes only, meant to be displayed and rarely worn.

Brass coins are made using the die struck bronze process. These are more expensive and a far more superior quality over the zinc alloy castings.

Base metals traditionally used in manufacturing challenge coins are brass or copper. A basic challenge coin is 3 millimeters thick and has a diameter of 1.5 inches. Some would prefer bigger versions, usually at 2-inch diameters. The finish would vary and designs can be simple or elaborate. Most of the work in manufacturing challenge coins is on the detail of the chosen design. Most of the details are painstakingly added by hand. The edges are diamond cut and made by machines.

A relatively new technology uses zinc alloys to create custom challenge coins with 3D design features. This new technique is becoming more in demand. The base metal used for 3D designs is copper.

Two main types of challenge coins are manufactured today. The hard enamel type uses hard baked enamels. The coin finish is smooth compared to the other type. The soft enamel type of challenge coin has a textured surface. The designs are stamped above the color-filled enamel. The main difference between the two types is in terms of the finishing process. Smooth finishes of the hard enamel type is done by polishing the raised metal areas until it is at the same level as the color fill of the enamel. In soft enamel coins, they are left unfinished or unpolished, giving them a textured feel.

Regardless of what process is used, each coin is hand turned. Only one coin is struck or made at a time.

Challenge coins characteristics

Custom challenge coins are manufactured depending on the preference of the commissioning organization. A Pocket Coin is normally round, with dimensions of 38mm (diameter) by 2.5 mm (thickness). A Presentation Coin or Medallion is often made with dimensions of 45mm (diameter) by 3mm (thickness). Shapes range from round, oval, square, or multisided. Traditionally, they are in a circular or oval shape.

Finishes also vary. It ranges from simple pewter finishes to expensive 24-carat gold finish. Metal finishes can be brass, silver, gold, copper, nickel and bronze. There are also antiquated finishes. Colors are added on soft or hard enamel. Printed insets can be used, with an epoxy coating. The epoxy is scratch resistant and more resilient than metal surfaces.


Author Bio:
A relatively new technology uses zinc alloys to create custom challenge coins with 3D design features. This new technique is becoming more in demand. The base metal used for 3D designs is copper.
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Storage Container as Good Investment During Major Sports Events

Sports establishments like arenas and stadiums have designated rooms, aside from having a main activity site. But these rooms may be insufficient, particularly if the arena is hosting major competitions. Many administrations decide to get a storage container for setting up additional rooms for different uses.

Rooms for Players

storage containerPlayers must have their own rooms for preparation, meeting and resting. Arenas usually have around two or three rooms for athletes, but these are not enough during sports festivals that usually welcome more than three teams. Many arenas have extra portable containers and transform them into instant players’ rooms whenever needed. They are easy to set up in specific parts of the arena. It’s also possible to install several lockers. Also, such portable containers are equipped with numerous cooling systems and other electrical appliances for comfort.

First Aid Room

Injuries are expected in playing sports. Although some facilities can provide first aid treatment in any part of the stadium or arena, some administrators want to set a specific room with numerous supplies and even some small equipment to provide treatment suitable for specific injuries.

A storage container is considered as the best first aid room because of its provisions for shelves and small medical equipment. Depending on the size, the room can also accommodate around one or two beds for resting. These containers can also be set up in strategic parts of the stadium for easy access.

Security Personnel’s Area

A major sporting event requires extra security, given all the people coming in. Mobile containers can be used as designated spaces for security personnel. Containers have different features designed for keeping numerous security essentials and supplies. They can also serve as resting sites for security personnel with shifting schedules. Portable containers are secure enough to keep these necessary security essentials. Set up is also simple and they can be placed on free spaces inside or outside the arena.

Media Coverage Room

Major sporting events are usually televised. A storage container can be set up as a media coverage room for network companies covering the events. These portable containers come with provisions for electrical systems. Media men can set up their system inside such spaces, making it easier to record and edit videos.

Aside from being used as media coverage rooms, these containers can also work as resting sites for media men. Depending on the event, media men need to take turns covering the event. They can sleep inside the container, which is considered comfortable because it can be equipped with the right cooling and heating systems, as well as with other fixtures that could make it more relaxing.

Supply and Food Preparation Site

A major activity needs to have a site for food preparation or for food storage. A storage container can be made to be the site where food supplies will be stored temporarily before distributing them to players or other individuals. Other essential supplies like beverages can also be stored in this area.

Ticketing Area

For some sites that do not have a good designated ticketing area, this container can also be set up for distributing tickets faster to people, particularly for major events. This will help minimize the line and make sure that spectators will be inside the arena as soon as possible for them to enjoy the event on time.

A storage container can be a great investment, particularly for those worried about not having enough room to accommodate players and other people taking part in the event. Clients can customize these containers according to their needs and even set them as permanent installations in the stadium.

A storage container is considered as the best first aid room because of its provisions for shelves and small medical equipment.

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Considering Garden City Long Island Real Estate


Living in Long Island, New York can be a dream for many people. When one thinks of Long Island, one thinks of affluence and sophistication. A place where a family may settle is Garden City. Garden City Long Island real estate property purchases can be good investments if a person or a family decides to live in Long Island for the long term.


Many communities in Long Island, especially Garden City, enjoy a high quality of life and a living experience befitting affluence. Every community has its own distinct style and character. Other prominent villages in Suffolk County and Nassau County aside from Garden City include Huntington, Locust Valley, and Port Washington.


Garden City is steeped in aviation history. It was established in 1869 by Alexander Turney Stewart – a multi-millionaire – and was envisioned originally as a respite from the busy life in New York City. It was founded in a highly organized way to accommodate conducting business and comfortable living. is also the location of Roosevelt Field, which was the starting point of landmark 1927 transatlantic flight of Charles Lindbergh. Other attractions in Garden City include the Roosevelt Field Mall and the Cradle of Aviation Museum, both of which are linked to the historical aviation theme.


li-realestatefinderThere are other factors why it is good buying or considering Garden City Long Island real estate properties. Real estate in the village had gone through two distinct growth periods after it was incorporated in 1919 with Garden City Estates. The first period was during the 1920s, which saw the growth of real estate in Nassau County, especially in Garden City Estates and East Garden City. The second growth period was after the Second World War. During this time, there was considerable and noticeable development in the towns of Garden City South, Stewart Manor, East Garden City, and Garden City Park.


Not many people are familiar with the process of buying homes. That is why there are real estate agents who help these people choose the right homes for their clients. Clients may also direct their questions to real estate agents, who are trained to know and answer every question that a client might ask. Some of the questions are differentiating between a co-op and a condo, the costs of closing a deal, and what must the client plan and prepare for when purchasing a new home.


The first things that a potential homebuyer should do are finding the desired neighborhood, working with a real estate agent, and finding the right property to live in. When choosing the neighborhood, the potential client must consider the area that is suitable for the client and his or her family. Some considerations are proximity to schools and workplaces.


Working with a real estate agent is ideal; thus, it is ideal to find the right real estate agent to assist with the client’s needs of searching for a home. A professional real estate agent – aside from showing potential properties – will offer objective and valuable advice. The real estate agent with help keep the client informed on financing solutions and market conditions and help the client all the way during the home purchasing process.


With help from the right agent who understands the client’s needs and requirements, the Garden City Long Island real estate buying process should not be a big problem.


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Selecting the PCB manufacturer that is right for your PCB assembly needs

When it comes to choosing the PCB manufacturing partner to entrust your PCB assembly needs, you have to have a set of selection criteria to ensure your desired quality output. Here are 7 aspects you should find in a good PCB manufacturer or assembler.

1. Price

PCB assemblyObtain thorough information detailing the total cost of manufacturing, including the labor cost from the PCB manufacturer. Then, examine carefully the things that are deemed to constitute the manufacturing cost and take time to make an accurate comparison with manufacturing costs from one or two other competing PCB manufacturers. This should help you determine if the manufacturing costs of the PCB manufacturer of choice are at par with the average costs in the PCB assembly industry and if the PCB manufacturer is consistent in the competition.

2. Quality Accreditation

Look for quality accreditations such as ISO certification and RoHS compliance that any competitive PCB manufacturer must possess. The minimum ISO certification you should be looking for in a company is ISO 9001:2008 for you to guarantee that they are capable of producing products that are well above the industry average. In case you are unfamiliar with the quality accreditation the manufacture claims to possess, make sure it comes from a licensed registrar.

3. Facility and Equipment

The PCB manufacturer’s capacity to deliver output of high caliber and to the specifications of the client demands availability and proper maintenance of all necessary equipment and facilities. The efficiency of the assembly equipment depends also on their being brand new and modernized, or being outdated and time-consuming. Check whether there are jet printers available and whether the company’s records reflect that they are properly maintained along with the pick-and-place machines, reflow ovens and wave soldering tools. This also guarantees the company’s commitment to quality.

4. Staff

High-caliber equipment, no matter how properly maintained, is inefficient insofar as there is a very limited number of assembly professionals. Therefore, see to it that the PCB manufacturing company has an array of duly certified assembly technicians. Evaluate the training records of the company’s staff, including non-certified staff members that are still working towards their certification.

5. Procurement

The PCB manufacturer will be obtaining its supplies and materials from an external producer, hence, try assessing their procurement division whether they have strong inventory management process or not. Determine if they are procuring their supplies from onshore or offshore merchants because chances are, you will be paying much bigger amount for supplies that come from distant locations. While you can procure on your own the materials required for your PCB assembly, you should look for procurement professionals employed by the PCB manufacturing company of your choice. This way, you will be confident that such professionals have the ability to recommend you alternative materials that are more efficient and more affordable than those that are in your bill of materials.

6. Location

If time and money savings are important to you, choosing a PCB manufacturer that is situated just in the neighbourhood will render you additional speed of delivery as well as flexibility when crucial site surveys have to be carried out. Most large-scale reputable PCB manufacturing companies have offshore facilities in a number of geographical locations such as Korea, Taiwan and mainland China. Thus, you will be dealing with the same trusted company through their PCB assembly facility near your business area.

7. The PCB manufacturer’s

Capacity to meet shipping deadlines is crucial to your business, thus whenever possible, obtain comprehensive information from the PCB manufacturer with regards to their capacity to meet this criterion. See to it that they are shipping your order using the most secure means possible.

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Custom Lanyards- An Indispensable Accessory

Seeing lanyards is a common sight. If not, let us explain what they are. Lanyards are a rope or string or cord that is used to carry IDs, name badges, gadgets etc. Lanyards are functional and handy accessories. In this world, there are numerous people and all of them have unique requirements with this valuable accessory. When choices and requirements are increasing day after day then types and uses are also rising simultaneously.

Custom LanyardsWe all own one lanyard for our self. Classic and custom are mainly two types of lanyards are there. Some lanyards are also eco-friendly that is made of bamboos. The material for making lanyards varies from a simple cord to bead. With a wide variety of colors and materials are available in lanyards. Plain and customized are commonly used lanyards. Lanyards allow you to walk and stay free without losing something valuable. Have custom lanyards is worth having, today.

Showcase Your Brand with Custom Lanyards

Do you want to raise the profile of your brand?

If you want to get noticed among your competitors or show case your brand and provide security to your employees, visitors and students, custom lanyard is going to be the perfect choice. The custom lanyard is the combination of versatility and functionality. It is used to hold name badges, cards and keys of your employees, students or visitors. If you have low budget, still you can afford these to showcase your brand. Custom lanyards are also an ideal choice and giveaway item for your next trade show. Give your employees a useful item that keeps your brand and name forever. It can be great way to reinforce your business in an easier way while keeping your staff secure simultaneously. There are top five materials which are used in lanyards such as-

•    Polyester Lanyard

•    Tubular Lanyard

•    Woven Lanyard

•    Nylon Lanyard

Custom lanyards may serve a functional purpose as well as stylish and vibrant. They come in braided, beaded and shoelace styles. Get a wide variety of contemporary and classic styles in lanyards. Lanyards can go for both professional and casual purposes. Printed lanyards are also known as personalized or custom lanyards with a company and log name. The polyester lanyard is most commonly and popular lanyard style and this offers perfect balance in quality and price. The polyester material is easy to wear and comfortable. On the other hand, tubular lanyard is revolution in the world of lanyards and the most economical style in lanyards that you can buy. There is an array of neck lanyards available in market. You can get real fabric in lanyards. Custom lanyards play an important role in your growth of your business. It helps you to reach targeted audience and can effectively promote the awareness of your brand.

The use of custom lanyards allows higher the chance of success of your advertising campaign. Today, presentation matters a lot. In the world of competition, you should have to be no. 1 in all aspects. It is vital to choose lanyards that should be eye-catching.

According to casual front, beaded lanyards can upgrade the look, if you wear it in a casual way. Beaded lanyards are popular among women and youngsters. There are loads of varieties in beaded lanyards and you can choose among them. Make your own style statement with custom lanyard. If you use lanyards in both professional and casual way, it always looks good and appealing. Safety and comfort are two advantages of lanyards because they never ruin your clothing and harm your skin.

Stay safe and stylish with custom lanyards!

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